This picture from Hårsfjärden in the Stockholm archipelago was taken in November 2012, that is to say over 30 years after the dramatic submarine hunt in Hårsfjärden during autumn 1982, in which I participated intensively and where I was the principal author of the Swedish Government’s note of protest to the Soviet Union on 26 April 1983. I was also the principal author of the Swedish Government’s note of protest to the Soviet Union on 5 November 1981 after the intrusion of the Soviet submarine U 137 into the Karlskrona archipelago. 

Still after 30 years these events, probably the most dramatic since World War 2, are debated. Owing to my service in the Swedish Airforce Surveillance and Alert Command from the 1960’s, in the Defence Staff, in the Foreign Ministry and at the Swedish Embassy in Moscow I was in a position to follow the continuous reports of the Intelligence service during the whole Cold War Period of Soviet activities directed towards Sweden, which reached their peak with the submarine intrusions during the 1980’s. 

This particular knowledge was behind my formulation of the two notes of protest to the Soviet Union 1981 and 1983. All this is disclosed in my book “Diaries from the Foreign Ministry”. 

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